Advocacy Officer at the Center for Youth of Hope (CEYOHO) and AVAC Fellow, Kennedy Mupeli, has a lot of hope that a cure for HIV/AIDS will be found in this lifetime.
“We have had successful stories on HIV treatment but that only reduces the number of new infections. Now when you factor in the tremendous expense and the pressure on patients including side effects, you get to appreciate how a cure should remain an important goal.
“We just need to have committed resources, sharing of information and really bringing the brightest of minds from all over the world,” he said. He highlighted the importance of empowering communities and taking them through the developments to avoid challenges such as ART adherence. “We need to be able to break down the hard science of cure so that they can understand what we are talking about”, he said.
What gives Mupeli the greatest hope however is the Undetectable equals Untransmittable (U=U) movement in which scientific consensus has united around the concept that being undetectable means being unable to transmit HIV.
“This I believe is one of the entry points in getting to the cure. The science of U=U gives me so much hope that if you are effectively on treatment and not able to transmit HIV, to me it says we will get to a point in the near future, where our bodies will not need the drugs anymore. This is a very important message for people to understand and embrace”.Until such a time a cure is found, Mupeli explains that there is still need to continue taking treatment irrespective of one being virally suppressed because there are still resting cells in the body where the virus is hiding that can be reactivated anytime.
“The difficulty in dealing once and for all with HIV is that, unlike other viruses, HIV-infected cells are able to “hide” by entering a resting phase that makes them invisible to the immune system and current treatment therapies. “These ‘latently infected’ cells then exist in reservoirs in the bodies of those with the virus, and can launch new, resistant attacks if treatment is discontinued”. Over the last few years, scientists have determined that destroying this last reservoir of cells will be the future of a cure.
Mupeli was speaking to The Midweek Sun on the sidelines of an Advocacy-For-Cure Academy organised by the Towards an HIV Cure initiative of the International AIDS Society (IAS), in partnership with AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC) at AVANI hotel this week.The three-day training is meant to provide HIV/AIDS advocates with training and skills building on current HIV cure research strategies, barriers to a cure, and communicating scientific results accurately, especially to communities.
It is also to create opportunities for interactions with leading researchers and advocates in the field with a view to expanding the network of advocates working in HIV cure. The academy is the first of its kind to be held in Southern Africa and according to Jessica Salzwedel, Programme manager – Research Engagement at AVAC, Botswana became the host of choice because of the strong HIV cure research and commitment to HIV/AIDS fight.
“Cure research is just emerging while prevention and treatment research have a strong advocacy and they have been able to push the science and implementation of products forward. “Cure really doesn’t seem to have that but trials are beginning to happen”. There are currently 46 clinical trials going on globally.
5 Forex Tools that every African trader must know
Trading in the foreign exchange market can be intimidating for any African retail trader, regardless of whether they are beginners or experienced traders.
Therefore, all African traders must use a solid trading strategy and a range of trading tools to assist them in their trading decisions. Forex trading tools can be accessed through a forex trading platform and a forex broker, who often offer this for free or as a paid service.
There are hundreds of helpful forex tools that African traders can use, and these are some of the best ones.
An economic calendar is one of the most useful and powerful forex trading tools for African forex traders. The calendar features a list of economic releases and geopolitical events, amongst other things according to their date, location, and level of importance.
African traders can gain insight into future market consensus, historical released outcomes, central bank policy statements, monetary policies and policymaker speeches, upcoming elections, and so on.
Trading signals are another popular tool that traders can use to help them make accurate and dependable predictions on price movements in the forex market. Trading signals are popular tools for forex traders because they can trigger buy or sell actions according to predetermined criteria.
Trading signals can consist of criteria such as volume surges, earnings reports, or using certain existing signals. Technical analysis is an important component in using trading signals as it can help traders recognise the types of trading indicators that they can use to complement their trading style.
However, quantitative analysis, market sentiment measures, and fundamental analysis tools are also important considerations for making informed trading decisions. Trading signals can help successful traders remain focused in volatile markets, helping them identify perfect trading opportunities, market trends, resistance levels, and market movements in a range of markets.
Trading platforms refer to the software applications that African traders use to carry out trades. This is not the only function of a forex trading platform, and it can be used for in-depth analysis and other functions.
Trading platforms feature a wide range of tools for traders including an economic calendar, technical indicators, educational resources, and more. Trading platforms have comprehensive charting capabilities, with price charts that can be viewed in different time frames across different financial markets.
All market participants are urged to keep a comprehensive trading journal, providing them with a detailed record of their past trades.
By keeping a trading journal, African traders can take note of their successful trades, the trading strategies they use, and they can note their mistakes to allow them to improve on their strategies.
Some information the trading journal must include is:
- The date on which trades are executed
- The currency pair or financial instrument is traded along with the entries and exits.
- Whether the trader entered a buy or sell position
- The price at which the trade was entered and the closing price when it was closed
- The amounts of pips gained or lost along with their value in base currency
- The technical indicators or trading strategies used
African traders have a wide range of calculators that will save them a significant amount of time in preparing for different market conditions. These calculators include some of the following:
- Margin calculators
- Profit calculators
- Currency converters
- Volatility calculators
- Pip calculators, and several others.
Church distances itself from Pastor who livestreamed his suicide
Head Pastor at Metsimotlhabe Holiness Union Church France Koosimile has distanced his church from Phenyo Godfrey who committed suicide live on social media a week ago. Speaking to this publication this week, Koosimile said Godfrey was never a Pastor at Holiness church as assumed by many.
Godfrey, who goes by the name Bishop P Godfrey on social media, allegedly shot a video of himself committing suicide on Sunday evening. According to a few friends and those close to Godfrey, the deceased was from Molepolole and has been identified as a pastor at Holiness Union Church in Metsimotlhabe.
On the evening of Sunday last week, he went live on Facebook and proceeded to put a rope around his neck. He was seen in the short video hanging by the neck until he took his last breath. TO READ THE FULL STORY, BUY THIS WEEK’S (11 August 2021) PRINT EDITION OF THE MIDWEEK SUN AT A STORE NEAR YOU.