“This man wants war, nothing else. The sitting President must tidy up things before we lose innocent lives,” a concerned facebook user, Lualua Mangwane, says of former president Ian Khama. This is in response to the publicised interviews that Khama has lately been dishing out to numerous international media outlets on what he perceives of the current Botswana.
It is a general feeling of many that Khama is on a warpath, and that given his confessed disdain for his successor, President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi, he will stop at nothing to make the world see him in bad light, even if his veiled reviews of Masisi and the current status of Botswana leave the country in economic ruin.In his string of interviews, reportedly organised for him by some public relations consultancy firm he hired in South Africa to help him deal with Masisi and the ruling party, Khama is out and about, saying things that give the international community an impression that Botswana under the current president has been plunged into anarchy and crisis, where the ruling party is pursuing a dictatorial modus operandi on citizens, especially those generally opposed to the party.
And while the sitting president is out there defending the recent decision to lift the hunting ban with respect to the marauding elephants that continue to kill Batswana and destroy crops, Khama is conversely using his media interviews to attack the lifting of the ban as an inhumane and insensitive decision by Masisi and his government. So busy has been the former president – trotting from one media house to the other away from home – suggesting that Batswana are unhappy since he retired from the presidency. In a recent telephone interview with a French news agency AFP, Khama is quoted as having said that he even had to quit the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) because of the immaturity and arrogance of the current leadership of the party.
“The person who I nominated to be my successor, as soon as he took office became very autocratic, very intolerant and it has led to a decline in the democratic credentials that we have a reputation for,” Khama is quoted by AFP. He also told South Africa’s Power 98.7FM this week that Masisi is drunk on power, adding that the president’s leadership style is about himself and not about the people. “We see him abusing state organs, especially security organs to go after his opponents,” Khama told Power Talk host Aldrin Sampear. Yet many in Botswana call him bitter, delusional and irritating; and there is a groundswell of public outrage against his negative crusade that many deem dangerous for the country’s economy. There is a general feeling that Khama’s celebrated hatred for Masisi is even clouding his mental faculties to realise that his public spats to the international community could do more damage to the economic and social stability of the entire country while he pursues personal satisfaction of seeing Masisi lose the presidency. Common talk right now is that Khama was himself the worst leader Botswana ever had and that Masisi was bringing in reforms that make his predecessor uncomfortable.
Kgosi Douglas Segwagwa of Dutlwe village in the Letlhakeng-Takatokwane constituency says he has been observing Khama’s behaviour in recent days and has come to the conclusion that something is wrong with him. In fact he says from as way back as when Khama came to power, nobody believed him when he described him as ‘not cut out for the position of President.’ The Dutlwe tribesman has even spoken against the practice of royal leaders who become politicians, lamenting that they end up being dishonest.
In an interview with The Midweek Sun, Kgosi Segwagwa cited that Khama uses his status as Bangwato paramount chief (Kgosikgolo) where it suits him, to turn his subjects against the ruling party.
“Look at what he is doing. He calls a meeting as a Kgosikgolo saying it’s a meeting for Bangwato. When Bangwato arrive at his meeting, he tells them he is dumping the BDP and even incites his subjects to also leave the party. That is not good for the institution of bogosi as his actions are divisive,” he said. Kgosi Segwagwa’s words are somewhat echoed by Sam Ditshego, a well-known long-time social commentator on the socio-political issues of Botswana. “Ian Khama is using the ethnic card to undermine the incumbent president, which could be a recipe for disaster. He behaves as if Botswana belongs to Bangwato and is his personal fiefdom,” writes Ditshego from South Africa.
Some through facebook, like a post by one Othusitse Bantatetse, are even lobbying for a protest march against Khama so as to alert the very same international media he is using that actually the majority of Batswana no longer want anything to do with him. Some of those responding to Bantatetse’s idea are dismissive of it, arguing that given Khama’s past dictatorial rule, he is not one to listen to anybody’s view once he has made up his mind on anything. And so they feel that the protest march will not deter him. Not when in 2011 he could ignore an entire civil service strike and protests lasting weeks, where he even added that despite all else the government workers could do, he would under no circumstance accede to their pay increase demands. He would even go on leave with his cabinet while the strike continued. Of course there are those who have asked to be roped in for logistical arrangements of such a protest march against Khama, and it could happen given the numbers of people who have openly been describing his behaviour as selfish and dangerous to the country’s stability and peace.
Former President Festus Mogae is on record expressing regret that he ever trusted Khama to run the country. Mogae retired Khama from the army in 1998 to make him his Vice President and eventually endorsed him for the country’s presidency – a move Mogae now describes as one of his life’s biggest mistakes. This sentiment followed the general feeling that Khama was interfering in the running of the country and wanted to rule from the grave. He began early by criticising every move Masisi made as he tried to restore public confidence in his government. Khama was particularly incensed when Masisi fired head of intelligence agency DIS, Isaac Kgosi, hardly a month after he took over. At the time, Kgosi and the DIS were generally viewed with apprehension and deemed a monster that made citizens live in fear.
And as a close ally of Khama, Kgosi’s retention at the helm of the DIS was seen as Khama’s assurance of relevance post his presidency, and his sacking was described by political observers as a masterstroke that diminished Khama’s influence in the running of the country.
Since then, Khama has stood up to criticise every move by Masisi even suggesting that the sitting president was harassing him; dismantling his legacy and that he was immature and unfit to rule.
Ditshego sums up the general feeling of the citizens when he says Khama’s anger actually emanates from Masisi’s refusal to be his stooge, adding that the reason Khama even went on to form a new party to oppose and depose the sitting president is because “Masisi refused to play second fiddle and act as ‘regent’ for Khama and his brother Tshekedi.” And that is another thing – common talk is that Khama was betrayed by Masisi and one of the alleged agreements when Masisi was handed the baton, was that he would make Khama’s brother his Vice President.
This, observers say, was another way Khama would ensure the presidency would eventually return to the Khama royal family. But Masisi has come out publicly to say he never promised anybody the position of Vice President. This was after his other current nemesis and a Khama ally, Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi had told a local publication that Masisi had promised her the position as well.
Strangely, Venson-Moitoi, who then went on to challenge Masisi for the presidency of the ruling party, would later confess that indeed she was never promised the position of Vice President, leaving many to question her honesty. Khama was the livewire behind Venson-Moitoi’s campaign to depose Masisi as the ruling party’s president, and recent reports suggested that they enjoyed the financial backing of some influential South African political figures and business tycoons.
These are the people currently believed to be sponsoring Khama’s ongoing media strategy to discredit Masisi and the ruling party’s current stance on the widely-reported hunting ban.
Among the issues Khama is raising is what he calls political intolerance on the part of Masisi. Soon after Venson-Moitoi announced her intention to challenge Masisi for the ruling party’s presidency, she was relieved of her duties as a minister in Masisi’s cabinet. While Masisi’s handlers have argued that it was illogical for the sitting president to work with a person who had publicly declared him unfit to lead the country, Khama has described the sacking of Venson-Moitoi as political intolerance.
He also argues that Isaac Kgosi was removed as head of intelligence simply because the latter is his close friend. Khama goes on to cite Tati East MP Guma Moyo, his close ally as well, saying he was forced into exile because his life was in danger. Masisi’s government has since dismissed the self-imposed exile as melodramatic and deliberately conjured up as part of the ‘Discredit Masisi’ campaign. Khama is himself on record saying he would do anything possible to ensure Masisi and the BDP lose elections this year, even if it means he goes in cahoots with the opposition parties. He has even vowed to take his war on Masisi to the outside world. And it is this deep-seated disdain that he has for Masisi that has had a lot of people now questioning exactly what he is scared of beyond his usual rhetoric of Masisi reversing his policies and purging those opposed to him.
Popular opinion is that Khama is apprehensive of the likelihood of facing prosecution for alleged corruption while in office, and also for other alleged atrocities that include extra judicial killings that happened under his watch with the aid of Isaac Kgosi’s DIS. Khama is said to have banked on Masisi protecting him, and the firing of Kgosi was the first real sign that Masisi was never going to stick to the desired plan. At the time of being sacked, Kgosi was himself linked to allegations of corruption, abuse of office and abuse of the DIS. Welcoming Kgosi’s dismissal at the time, militant trade union leader Tobokani Rari said the DIS was a monster that had lost its mandate and was used to advance the interests of Khama and his party.
He even poured scorn on the attitude of Kgosi at the time, when he told the Public Accounts Committee, an oversight parliamentary body, that he was answerable to no one, not even the president.
Kgosi would later be fired by Masisi, and when months later he was arrested for alleged corruption, Khama criticised the move as harassment of his ally.But it is Khama’s latest media statements that have since turned a number of citizens against him. A lot of adjectives and phrases have been used to describe him, be it in offices, at social gatherings or on social media. The permeating sentiment is that he has become a danger to Botswana’s stability. Many commentators say they are now fed up with waking up every time to hear he has told the international media one thing or the other about Botswana being an unstable country when in actual fact people generally feel freer than during his era.
A post by one Tshepang Mooketsane sums up the mood about the former president: “Motho su! Ga re robale ke ene. What’s next?” – loosely translated to mean that this irritating person is giving us sleepless nights. It was a response to this week’s post by former Chairperson of Law Society of Botswana Lawrence Lecha who also expressed being fed up with reports of what Khama has been saying to the international community. Last week Permanent Secretary to the President Carter Morupisi addressed a press conference where he suggested that government had gone overboard to satisfy many unreasonable demands of Khama, saying the least he could do was to be grateful as no other former president has been given the special treatment he is getting.
Buttressing his point, Morupisi revealed that in the just-ended financial year, former president Festus Mogae was allocated P160, 000 for employees’ overtime costs of which P109, 000 was used, while Khama’s office used P540 000 from the allocated P650, 000. Khama also has 13 more employees attached to him, compared to Mogae, Morupisi revealed. He added that with former presidents Sir Ketumile Masire and Mogae, when the government could not assist them because of circumstances beyond control, the two leaders understood and let go; but with Khama, it becomes an issue that is communicated to the whole world as an example of what he means when he says the current leadership ill-treats him.
Among his concerns, Khama worries that Masisi is reversing his policies and values enshrined in the Botswana constitution, something Batswana have laughed off. Many feel that while Khama often acted according to his wishes, the current president consults before acting. People say they feel free to talk nowadays than in the last ten years. While Khama says Masisi is not a uniting figure, people cite the unprecedented split of the BDP that gave birth to the Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD), which happened because some members of the party felt Khama was autocratic and intolerant of dissenting voices. Currently another new party linked to Khama is being formed, lending credence to the notion that Khama is the most divisive leader the ruling party has ever had. It is against this background that many feel that Khama is delusional.
Youth lament slow pace towards ICPD commitments
Young people representing Botswana at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD25) in Nairobi, Kenya last week have expressed disappointment at the slow pace at which governments are moving towards achieving ICPD25 ideals.
Trevor Oahile, a youth advocate and student at the University of Botswana participated at the Nairobi Summit to highlight on Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) of men and boys.
Oahile hosts a radio show sponsored by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Don’t Get It Twisted on Yarona FM. The show deals with issues that affect boys and men. Oahile participated in a panel discussion at the Summit on the involvement of men and boys in accelerating the ICPD promise.
He is of the view that countries needs to work together to end violence that is perpetuated by harmful gender norms that are antagonistic to progress towards the ideals of the ICPD agenda. “Botswana government and private sector are still challenged to invest a lot of money into implementing their commitments,” Oahile said, adding that Comprehensive Sexual Education on the other hand has to be rolled out to every school in the country.
“We also acknowledge that it is important to avoid stereotypes that impact decisions that people make. Men and boys often avoid certain services because they are known to be for girls and women,” Oahile said. Millicent Sethaile was at the Summit as a youth ambassador from an organisation called Her Voice, which funds and offers grants to smaller organisations that advocate for SRHR in communities. In her view the summit was significant because it was an opportunity for countries including Botswana to make commitments to fulfill the unfinished business of the ICPD made 25 years ago.
“What struck me the most is that I realised that Botswana has a long way to go to achieve the commitments she set for herself.”Sethaile also observed that the four commitments including to strengthen access to family planning, the reduction of maternal deaths, reduction of Gender Based Violence, provision of quality, timely and disaggregated data are activities that were already in the pipeline and have been discussed before. “I believe we now have to come up with actionable items that we can work on so that we can effectively deal with current challenges.”
For 18 year old University student Michelle Simon, the Nairobi Summit was a reality check, an opportunity to reflect and map the way forward.
“I realised that there are so many challenges, especially in Africa concerning SRHR,” Simon said. She also realised that Botswana has a lot of catching up to do to implement the commitments of the ICPD. “I also realised that issues including youth in power were left out.” Botho Mahlunge on the other hand comes back from the Summit with a conclusion that there are a lot of predicaments that young people find themseles in across the African continent including GBV and teenage pregnancy.
Programmes need to be intensified to ensure implementation. Mahlunge is also of the view that there is minimum youth engagement on issues that affet them the most. “Young people are tired of always convening about the same issues. It’s time to see the outcomes of Summits and Conferences,” Mahlunge said. She advised the youth to also be willing to engage when the oppotunity avails itself and to take up programmes that have been set to help them. Mahlunge said that failure to educate our young people on sexuality “is the reason so many girls are getting pregnant and infected with HIV.”
She said the continued exclusion of young people in rural areas from sexual and reproductive health and rights discussion is also to blame for the prevailing state of affairs. “Young people in rural areas are completely vulnerable. They are so far removed from the little information and services available to young people in urban areas,” Mahlunge observed.
Safe communities for our women and girls – Moalosi
Gender Based Violence (GBV) has been identified as one of the critical issues that impede women, girls and men from fully enjoying their human rights and unleashing their potential. Delivering his State of the National Address (SONA) on Monday, President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi said government is concerned about the rising statistics of those affected.
The National Relationship Study of 2018 revealed that 37 percent of women and 21 percent of men have suffered some form of violence in their lifetime, which occurred within Intimate Partner Relationships.
To address this problem, President Masisi says government will intensify the implementation of the National Strategy Towards Ending GBV. The Strategy focuses on the comprehensive care and support of GBV survivors; the Prevention of new GBV incidences; Strengthening national capacity to address GBV; Improving efficiency and effectiveness of the coordination and management of the national GBV response; and Strategic information and knowledge management on GBV.
Just last week, Botswana Non-Governmental Organisations represented at the Nairobi Summit on ICPD25, committed to ensuring that all is done to end GBV.CEO of Botswana Gender Based Violence Prevention and Support Centre, Lorato Moalosi who was presenting on behalf of Botswana NGOs said having reflected on the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) agenda since 1994 and on what has changed on Sexual GBV, they are equally disturbed by increasing levels of SGBV in Botswana communities.
Her desire is to empower communities to come up with their own solutions to end SGBV. Moalosi told participants at the Summit that NGOs in Botswana commit to contracting and ensuring robust community engagement, including starting indigenous and disability movements on SGBV to galvanise and mobilise communities to prevent and respond to SGBV. Their plan is to also develop sustained gender transformative programmes that mainstream HIV and GBV, as well as to expand reach and coverage of services and create community safe spaces for the hard to reach, as well as improve services in urban areas.
“We commit to utilising social contracting and ensure NGOs lead in the prevention of SGBV and in the response to ending SGBV at community level,” Moalosi said, adding that they also commit to mainstreaming gender equality conversations and break the silence on SGBV.
“We can no longer hold back. Our communities have to be safe for our women and girls,” she said. The Nairobi Summit on ICPD25 that concluded hursday last week in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi represents a renewed, re-energised vision and community working together to act and deliver.
“Together, we will make the next ten years a decade of action and results for women and girls, keeping their rights and choices at the centre of everything we do,” said UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Natalia Kanem.
Denmark’s Special Envoy for the ICPD25, Ambassador Ib Petersen said there will be no ICPD50 because women and girls around the world have waited long enough to have rights and choices.
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