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Elsewhere in this edition, we chronicle reactions to the new cabinet appointed by President Mokgweetsi Masisi, where people speculated on why Advocate Sadique Kebonang and Edwin Batshu were left out. Here we look at what ordinary people said about some appointments of other ministers. This is what Batswana told The Midweek Sun.

Nonofo Molefhi Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration minister Those he served at the infrastructure ministry were evidently devastated to lose him. Employees there viewed him as the best thing that ever happened to them and were uncomfortable about his replacement, Unity Dow. This is because they feel she failed at the education ministry and are not convinced she will manage as minister of infrastructure and housing development. Known for his humility across the political divide, there are some Batswana who feel Molefhi should have been the Vice President. After losing Botswana Democratic Party’s chairmanship to Masisi last year, he swore to work with him. He never spoke ill of him and when Masisi retained him in cabinet, many were excited. This after an impression had been created that Masisi would drop him. Molefhi always maintained that he was only exercising his constitutional right with no elusive intents or hard feelings. He said in one of the press conferences that holding different views is democratic but said it must be done with respect and dignity. “It is a pity when leaders are the ones sowing seeds of discord among fellow democrats. Do not forget people on the ground on your way up because you need them to support the ladder for you when you go down,” he said. He continues to receive accolades from people. “I salute him with all my heart. Great man. Thanks to HE for keeping him close. He will advise him well and even greater,” said Daniel Simola, a local pastor. Young people took to Facebook to express their admiration of him.

Dorcas Makgato Nationality, Immigration and Gender Affairs minister She is known to be a spirit that calls a spade a spade, and not a big spoon. Her admirers in the health sectors feel she was taken away too soon and has unfinished business in her previous role as the Minister of Health and Wellness. “I still wanted her at the Ministry of Health. She had a clear working plan that was now beginning to show results. I think HE removed her prematurely,” said one Cafen Galapi, a health worker. While some feel she would take time to understand her new ministry, there are some who are unfazed, saying she is result-oriented. “She has been around for long and is not easily intimidated. She is an achiever at heart,” said one Lesang Mmereki. Nevertheless, there are some that feel that HE Masisi should have kept Batshu in this ministry as he was doing exceptionally well.

Dr. Alfred Madigele Minister of Health and Wellness He was appointed Assistant Minister of Health in October 2014. He studied for his degree in Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology in Ireland where he also worked before coming to serve at Princess Marina. He would later join private practice. He ran Health Synergy – a company that specialises in health consultancy and corporate medicine for over 10 years. He was appointed Director of Motor Vehicle Fund–MVA Botswana in 2009. He has won the hearts of Batswana in his partnership with the media where he had a column and also a slot in one of the local radio stations. In his previous role as minister of Tertiary Education, Research and Technology, Dr. Madigele spoke fondly about the importance of research and innovation in helping to unlock potential in the economy to create jobs. Batswana feel he brings expertise and wide knowledge to the health sector. “He is a visionary who is very passionate about transformative leadership and proper governance,” said one small business owner Mpho Kelosiwang.

Bogolo Kenewendo Investment, Trade and Industry minister She is seen as a first step into women empowerment in the country. Young people are excited about her promotion with some saying her new role is a move in the right direction. “This is the Botswana I have always envisaged, where young people are represented and where women are visible in high offices,” said Neo Maleka on Facebook.

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U=U campaign packaging a headache for BHP, Ministry

Rachel Raditsebe

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TRICKY AFFAIR: Dr Joseph Makhema is still cautious on the matter of declaring the Undetectable to be Untransmittable

While there is no denying the proven science that an HIV positive person whose HIV viral load cannot be detected cannot transmit it to an HIV negative person, it is how that message is packaged and delivered to the public that is proving to be a difficulty.

This is according to the Chief Executive Officer of the Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership (BHP) Dr Joseph Makhema.Internationally, the Undetectable equals Untransmittable (U=U) campaign, has gained ground as scientific consensus has united around the concept that being undetectable means being unable to transmit HIV. The campaign has been endorsed by more than 350 HIV organisations from 34 countries, including leading scientific and medical organisations such as the International AIDS Society (IAS), UNAIDS, and the British HIV Association (BHIVA).

By taking HIV treatment consistently and on time, the HIV virus in the blood (also known as viral load) and other bodily fluids gets to undetectable levels. The drugs work by controlling the replication of HIV in the body by reducing the virus’ ability to make copies of itself.

“The drugs slow down the damage that the virus does to the immune system and allow people to live long, productive lives like everyone else without succumbing to the disease. These drugs are tremendously valuable in giving an excellent quality of life and preventing HIV transmission. There is absolutely no doubt that HIV treatment has revolutionised AIDS,” Dr Makhema explained.

However, he said for now BHP and the Health Ministry are still looking at the context and messaging of U=U and how to package it for the public. This, he explained is because, there are situations whether of illness, for example if someone has flu, they can get an exacerbation of viral rebound.

Or somebody gets a gastro intestinal disorder and they have diarrhoea or vomiting, they cannot keep the medication in their system. This would mean they are not fully able to keep the virus fully supressed and they can rebound.

“So we really don’t know at this point in time, we really need to have research done so that we are able to know how we are going to package and share the U=U messaging with the general public,” stated Dr Makhema.

According to Dr Makhema, the only time he would ever give anyone the go ahead to have unprotected sex is only if there was a test where before each sexual act, a person can check their viral load.
Until then he insists on condom use even with the other HIV prevention tools currently available like Safe Male Circumcision and more recently, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP).

“While we have got the tools to not only end the fear of HIV, but to end it as an epidemic, it’s important how we package that information so that our people really understand how they work,” Dr Makhema said.

Citing the condom as an example, Dr Makhema said that new infections are still high even though condoms are cheap, readily available and have been proven to be over 99 percent effective if used correctly at not only preventing HIV infection but also other sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies.

Overall, Dr Makhema said there was need for clear guidance on how individuals should be advised on using “treatment as prevention” as a safer sex option and this should be combined with renewed efforts to encourage condom use.

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Know your Candidate

BNF’s prodigal son, Koosaletse is back

The MidweekSun Admin

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ASPIRING MP: Otlaadisa Koosaletse

As 2019 is a year of the country’s General Elections, Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) aspiring parliamentary candidate for Kanye North Constituency, Otlaadisa Koosaletse advises Batswana to be serious with their votes and vote legislators who will represent them well.
Koosaletse will be contesting for the area with the Botswana Democratic Party candidate, Thapelo Letsholo. The Midweek Sun reporter, Onneile Setlalekgosi interviewed the UDC candidate.

Q. Good Day Rre Koosaletse. Kindly share your political background.
A. I started politics at a very young age around the1970’s. I became instrumental in forming Botswana National Front (BNF) youth chapter which was called Botswana Youth Federation in 1976-1977 in Lobatse.
My breakthrough in politics was in 1994, when there were problems within the BNF. I ran for position of area MP under the opposition ticket and won comfortably. When BNF split in 1998 I left with others to form Botswana Congress Party. In 2001 I was elected second president of the BCP, which I led for four years.

Q. Why did you decide to stand for Kanye North Constituency?
A. One of the reasons I stood for the constituency is that I have a general belief that the whole area has been neglected by the ruling party for a long period. The culture of side-lining developments has triggered me to stand for the constituency.

Q. You are contesting to be a legislator representing Kanye North. In your view what are the duties of an area MP and what should your constituents expect from your representation?
A. Duties of the area MP involve being able to live closer to the constituents so that you are able to address their problems. There is an issue of developments and distribution of services, it is sad that there’s special economic zones and there is none in the area I am representing.
Special economic zones can foster and nurture developments which can create jobs. I will ensure that the area gets a fair share budget of the developments. Kanye North has no access roads, Moshana, Lekgoloboto, Ntlhantlhe and other surrounding areas are not connected to the clinics or schools, and the role of the area MP is to fully represent constituents in all aspects.

Q. What are the national priority issues you would want to take to parliament?
A.Issue of corruption, if we do not fight corruption in this country, we will end up being like any other republic that were once rich but now poor. I believe in the levelling of the playing field in politics, I think it is time that Botswana joins other 14 SADC countries which have political party funding.
It is sad that Botswana with its economy and Zambia are the only two countries in SADC without political party funding and that deprives people of good representation from their MPs because of financial instability if it does not happen, it will end up in whoever being financially stable going to parliament even when they are not right candidates.
The other priority is agro-based, that is our produce from the field. I do not believe in food security, I believe in food self-sufficiency, Batswana should be able to produce their own food.

Q. There has been an outcry from the Kanye community that they need a hospital. Do you think Kanye needs a hospital and if so why?
A. Yes, Kanye needs a new hospital. The old hospital (Kanye Adventist Day Hospital) has no room for expansion and it cannot accommodate the growing Kanye population anymore.
Even if the government can pump money into the hospital, there is no way it can ever expand due to many buildings near it. My contention is to fight for a district hospital if it happens that I win during the upcoming elections.

Q. What is your view on corruption and institutions put in place to fight it?
A. Corruption has been rampant in the country. Agencies put in place to fight corruption are now after petty issues such as arresting people for similar vehicle number plates, than focusing on fighting bigger issues of corruption such as economic crime.

Q. There has been a general problem of youth unemployment, how are you prepared to address it?
A. Unemployment is a very serious issue, but our economy is a jobless economy. The way to fight youth unemployment is not a way to throw a carrot at the youths and say they can all do tenders. I do not think enough has been done to help the youth. Even the shopping complexes are not youth friendly as they are expensive to rent.
Things have to be changed first. The economy does not cater for the youth. There are many graduates and skilled people and Botswana is not fully known in exporting skilled labour to other countries. Youth are exploited in such a way that at times multitudes of the youths compete for one tender job, which only generates revenue for the government by buying the tenders.  But I am going to address it seriously if I get to parliament.

Q. Education results have been declining throughout the country, how are you going to address the low pass rate in your area?
A. It is very serious that at this time we still have declining standards in Education results, by now the country should have learnt from the past mistakes which I believe will bring good results in Education.
I will ensure Education is taken seriously within the village, parents should be able to understand academic strength of children and make sure they offer them support where possible.

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