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THE PSYCHOLOGY BASIS OF BED WETTING

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Back in the days we used to have situations where children who pee in their blankets will be given a rat to eat to stop the act.

I have never known whether that works or not but the fact of the matter is that enuresis (bed wetting) exists up to this date. Bedwetting come s as a result of many factors but our focus will be on the one with psychological basis: nonorganic enuresis!

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), nonorganic enuresis is a disorder which is characterized by involuntary passing of urine during the day or night, which is abnormal in relation to the individual’s mental age and which is not a consequence of a neurological disorder or structural abnormality. It is observed from age 5 and above. Bedwetting can come as a psychological response of traumatic event. This may be seen as regression which is a negative way of resolution or defense mechanism.

Children may unconsciously bed wet as a consequence of a dire situation like divorce, abuse of all forms and neglect. In fact, bed wetting is prominent in children who have been abused sexually. Role transition and change of environment has been found to also precipitate bed wetting. For example, entering a new school or sleeping at a different home may trigger bed wetting.

Whilst the discussion has been centralised upon children, some of the factors can result in bed wetting in adults. The practice of scolding kids, punishing them, placing blankets on the line and telling all and sundry that “go rotetswe dikobo” should stop as that may lead to poor self-esteem and low self-worth.

Children often fail to go for bootcamps or sleepovers as a result of this hence rebuking them potentiates the situation. Parents should positively reinforce child behaviour when he/she has had a dry night. There is need for open communication and reaching out to children to hear out their concerns. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy may be employed and drugs in some instances to address this.

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BMC secures beef market in Seychelles

Dikarabo Ramadubu

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Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) will soon start to sell its beef to the Island of Seychelles. Not only will they sell frozen raw meat, but will also send corned beef for trial in the Island.

All this is thanks to last week’s visit by President Mokgweetsi Masisi who included in his delegation executive management of the BMC, led by Chief Executive Officer, Dr Akolang Tombale.
The agreement signed between BMC and two leading Seychelles companies, will see BMC exporting at least 48 tonnes of raw beef to the island possibly from October. The names of the two companies that BMC signed an agreement with are Seychelles Trading Company which is a quasi-government organisation, and Rosebelle Company which is privately owned.

Although both have agreed to trade with each other, BMC cannot start immediately, as they have to wait for the green light from Seychelles companies who still have to apply for import permits in accordance with the law of their republic.

Speaking to The Midweek Sun, Tombale expressed gratitude that they managed to get good business in Seychelles through the assistance of President Masisi. “We are ready to export any time from now. As you know Seychelles is an island surrounded by mountains and cannot produce much if not anything. “They therefore depend much on imports even from as far as Brazil and Europe. Their economy is driven by tourism and they do not differ much with the European market in terms of the demand for beef as most tourists come from Europe and United States.”

Dr. Tombale said they agreed with the two companies that since “we are not sure about the logistics we will start by selling 24tonnes to each company per month, meaning we will be supplying the Island with a total of 48 tonnes per month. The idea is to start small and grow bigger as the people get used to our beef.” BMC has also negotiated to sell small stock meat to Seychelles and successfully negotiated for local chicken farmers to start selling their range chicken to Seychelles as well.

According to Tombale, he negotiated the deal after being approached by local chicken farmers amongst them Kgosi Mosadi Seboko of Balete, who requested that “we should try to find a market for chicken farmers as we go around the world searching for the beef market.” Tombale revealed that for a start both range chickens and small stock will not be supplied in tonnes or large quantities as they will be sold on a trial basis.

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G-west community reunion-walk a resounding success

Keletso Thobega

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Multitudes turned up for the Mosengwaketsi community walk and braai session this past Saturday in Gaborone West. The walk was held in the morning and was preceded by football games and a braai session that went on until late in the evening.

According to the event director Tshenolo Palai, the aim of the community day event was to revive community spirit and address crime and social ills. “The Mosengwaketsi community reunion will be held not only to create a platform to build unity but also address the social ill of passion killings,” he said.

Palai said that they had also invited health stakeholders for a wellness segment because they had realised that there are many health related conditions that affect the quality of people’s lives hence they had joined forces with religious organisations, the business community, neighbourhood outreach policing and other stakeholders in the area to encourage a culture of unity and create dialogue between all the parties.

He noted that they had wanted to create a relaxed environment conducive for different people to engage and strengthen their networks. He said they were also concerned with the high rate of crimes of passion in Botswana and also wanted to create a platform for both men and women to open up on issues that affect them because most people tend to be more relaxed in a social setting.

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