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Dont let Christmas bust your budget



The song says it’s the most wonderful time of the year, but if money is tight for you, Christmas can make it very difficult to avoid overspending. Although it may seem like a good idea to splurge on that perfect gift, you will end up paying for it later if you put it on your credit card.

Rather than going into credit card debt this year, make a plan and stick to it, so you stay within your budget and avoid the stress that comes with debt.

How to keep your Christmas spending under control
Set an overall budget: Before you spend a penny this Christmas, take a realistic look at your finances and determine how much money you can afford to spend. If you are committed to not going into debt for the holidays, you will need to use the money you have saved during the year.

If you have not saved any, you can set aside part of your December paychecks to cover Christmas expenses. Write down your spending cap and use this number to inform your other decisions.

Allocate money to travel, decorations and holiday meals: You are probably thinking mostly about gifts, but you will likely have expenses during December that might not be a part of your monthly budget.

Determine how much you will need to spend on travel, whether that be on gas or airfare. Then count up what you will spend on decorations, including the tree, wreaths, lights, and table decorations. Lastly, set aside money to buy special foods for Christmas dinner.

Budget for wrapping materials: You do not want to spend all your gift money and realize you have nothing to wrap the presents with. As much as you can, choose low-cost materials like reused gift bags from last year, brown paper grocery bags, fabric scraps, or the Sunday comics.

If you need to buy wrapping paper, choose paper with a low cost per square foot, and get as few rolls as you need. Dress the gifts up with ribbon, which can add lots of pizzazz to a plain wrapping job.

List people to buy gifts for: Divide your remaining holiday spending money between all the people you want to give gifts to this year. In addition to your immediate and extended family, include any friends, co-workers, neighbors, and service people whom you would like to give something to. The small $5 and $10 gifts can add up, so you need to include everybody in your list.

Set a spending limit for each person on your list: Although it is tempting to write down what you want to give to each person, the better way to approach your list is to decide how much you can spend on each person.

This helps ensure that your money is allocated appropriately between people based on how important they are to you. It would be a shame to spend all your money on your kids because they want flashy expensive gifts and forget about your spouse, who deserves something special too.

Shop sales and get creative to stick to your spending limits: This is probably the most challenging part of the process, but it can also be lots of fun, too. Once you have your budget, it is a bit of a puzzle to figure out how to get everybody a gift he or she will enjoy for the amount you can afford to spend.

Get out the holiday sale ads, shop at garage sales or thrift stores or put your skills to work so you can give each person a meaningful gift. If you happen to find the perfect gift for less than you have budgeted, then add the money to another recipient’s budgeted amount.

This will give you room to stretch a bit for something you had your eye on.

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BSE upgrades online investor access



A recent BSE opening bell function.

Botswana Stock Exchange Limited (BSEL) will this year introduce a new clearing and settlement system, as part of efforts to improve operations of the bourse.

Speaking at the seventh opening bell ceremony, Chief Executive Officer, Thapelo Tsheole said the development will help improve liquidity and risk management. In addition, the new settlement system replaces the 2008 system while fast tracking introduction of security borrowing and lending, management settlement guarantee fund, as well as identifiers for companies and instrument.

BSEL has already awarded a contract to a Swedish company to implement the system which is also expected to digitalize Initial Public Offering (IPO), allow electronic voting for listed companies during annual general meetings (AGM) for absent shareholders.

The project, which is expected to take eight months once the two parties sign the deal, is part of efforts to have more online investors access for BSEL. Tsheole also revealed that BSEL website will undergo a revamp this year, allowing it to be more analytic, live feed shares, as they trade.“The tender is already out for the website and mobile application. It is a project that we had hoped to implement last year but because of logistic problems, we could not do it,” said Tsheole.

BSEL further plans to introduce two data display screens at CBD and at the stock exchange.“These will assist with information sharing and keep the market updated,” said Tsheole. Meanwhile, BSEL will not change its Automated Trading System (ATS) until 2022, according to Tsheole.“The system supports our strategy to grow the market and increase the average daily turnover levels to 18.0million per day by 2021,” said Tsheole.

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BSE complies with reporting guidelines



Botswana Stock Exchange Limited (BSEL) has become the 5th bourse in Africa to comply and publish Environment, Social and Governance (ESG) reporting guidelines.

The development comes a year after BSEL became a partner exchange of the United Nations Sustainable Stock Exchange (SSE) Initiative.“The BSE made a commitment to publish guidance on ESG Reporting. This commitment has been fulfilled.“

We are the 42nd among the 81 SSE Partner Exchanges globally and the 5th in Africa to do this,” said Kgotla Segwe, Market Development Specialist at Botswana Stock Exchange Limited.
Other stock exchanges that have complied with the SSE initiative on the continent are from South Africa, Nigeria, Morocco and Egypt.

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