To a casual observer, Thuto William is no different from you and me. He talks normally, walks just like the next person, and seems comfortable around people. He wasn’t always like this.
“Growing up, Thuto would be energetic and very excited in one moment, only to go flat and expressionless the next,” shares his mother, Reginah William. She adds, “When he was like that, he would be completely expressionless, locked away in a world that no one can reach”.
Thuto’s mother, who has witnessed these mood changes in the 27-year-old for the last 12 years, says for or a long time, Thuto would be withdrawn and just stayed in the house not socialising. William has schizophrenia, a mental disorder characterised by a breakdown of thought processes and a deficit of typical emotional responses. Common symptoms include auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganised speech and thinking. It is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction. It is something Thuto will have to live with for the rest of his life.
“It got so bad that I became suicidal. All this time, I had no idea what I was suffering from. Thoughts of ending my life constantly filled my head and I contemplated and evaluated the easiest and most effective ways of taking my life,” William shared.
Gloomy as it was around that time he had the presence of mind to reach out for help and took himself in at Sbrana Psychiatric Hospital in Lobatse. He was 15 years old then and doing his Form II at Ipelegeng Junior Secondary School in Lobatse. “The initial triggers include feeling low and wanting to withdraw and spend time with myself. This later deteriorates to scary thoughts, and then I start seeing things that other people cannot see,” he says.
To counter this, he takes medication and makes a point of keeping the company of people he is familiar with, and who understand his condition. “I can’t party or take alcohol like many of my peers, so I don’t even put myself in such situations” he says, adding that keeping busy also helps to keep the relapses at bay. William says that his life is gradually gaining some normalcy. “I can confidently say that as unfair as life seems, it is also a gift and we should enjoy it and live it to the fullest.
“Yes I don’t enjoy the so called finer things like alcohol, drugs, sex and I struggle to keep romantic relationships. But there is much more to life that I can do like travelling and experiencing the world. It was not easy conquering my demons, but with the help of a psychiatrist and medicine to manage this condition, it is not all gloom and doom.
Schizophrenia, like many other forms of mental illness, is not a death sentence; and can be managed through medication and therapy. I live a full life. Of course, I have good days and bad days. The medicine also has its side effects, like stiff neck, shoulders, feeling shaky and can make you lose hope because they stop you from thinking, but this is the least of my problems.“This condition has taught me that life is truly precious, that we should take advantage of every moment we have. I love travelling and experiencing the world which has also proved to be very good for my head space, I laugh more, I am generally happier, and I make more time for my friends and family,” William explained.
According to Mental health expert, David Mangwegape, schizophrenia is a long-term mental disorder in which a person is unable to differentiate fantasy from reality. “Schizophrenia is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Dopamine, a chemical found in the brain, is low in people with schizophrenia,” he said in an interview. This is where the genetic disposition comes in. However, not every genetically predisposed person will manifest schizophrenia.
According to Mangwegape, some environmental stressors can cause a trigger. These include traumatic events that lead to emotional trauma, the use of street drugs, and other psychological stressors, such as a stressful relationship, financial difficulty, work and school-related stressors. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), schizophrenia affects about one in every 100 people. The condition is most often diagnosed between age 15 and 35, and can affect any gender but is more frequent in males than females. A schizophrenic attack is gradual. It can begin with withdrawal, followed by other symptoms, such as hallucinations.
Schizophrenia is treated with a combination of medication to reduce the symptoms and therapy appropriate to each individual.“The earlier the treatment, the faster the recovery and the lesser the future relapses,” Mangwegape says. He adds that many people are living with schizophrenia and leading nearly normal lives.
BoMRA warns of cancer-causing impurity
Botswana Medicines Regulatory Authority (BoMRA) is investigating if ranitidine, a common heartburn medicine, has a chemical contamination, which could cause cancer.
The drug is also known as Zantac, Uptake, Austin and R-Lok.
BoMRA issued a warning recently following an announcement on September 13, by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that it had learned that some ranitidine medications, including those known by the brand name Zantac, contain low levels of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), an impurity that could cause cancer.
NDMA is a possible cancer-causing chemical linked to liver damage. Since last year, the FDA has been investigating NDMA and other impurities in blood pressure and heart failure medicines known as angiotensin receptor blockers or ARBs. However, the FDA cautioned that levels of the NDMA appeared low and not much higher than when the chemical is present in foods like processed or grilled meat. The FDA said: “Although NDMA may cause harm in large amounts, the levels the FDA is finding in ranitidine from preliminary tests barely exceed amounts you might expect to find in common foods”.
Over-the-counter ranitidine is approved to prevent and relieve heartburn and can be prescribed to prevent ulcers of the stomach and intestines. In a statement, BoMRA told people they could still keep taking the medicine or ask doctors to prescribe one of many drugs that treat heartburn or ulcers. The health product watchdog cautioned patients who had been prescribed Ranitidine from stopping without an alternative, advising patients instead to talk to their health professionals before they stop or switch to other medicines.
“BoMRA is urgently liaising with the registered suppliers of ranitidine-containing medicines to investigate the presence of NDMA in Botswana ranitidine products; and will update the public on the outcome of these investigations,” reads the statement.
BoMRA Spokesperson, Israel Kgosidiile said there is no evidence at this stage that the impurity has caused any harm to patients.
“There is no recommendation for patients who have ranitidine to stop taking it. If a patient has any questions they should speak to their doctor or pharmacist,“ he stated.
‘Cancer took away my boobs, not my life’
Sun Health: What events led up to your diagnosis, or, how did you discover that you were suffering from cancer?
Mpho Kgaodi:My journey with Breast cancer started in 2012. Around April I felt a lump on my right breast. It was not painful at all, just slightly itchy. It was on the upper part of my breast. I ignored it for about three days but it kept nagging me and then I decided to go see my doctor. He also confirmed that there was a lump on my breast He sent me for mammogram that confirmed an abnormality on the structure of my right breast. I then went to see him with the results and he informed me that there are two ways to test that lump – Biopsy, which meant that he will be taking a piece of that lump to send it to the laboratory for examination and the other option was to totally remove the lump, Lumpectomy. I decided that he removes the whole lump, because I really didn’t want that Lump on my breast.
SH: We know that about 10% of all breast cancers are hereditary. Are there other women affected in your family?
MK: I don’t know of any other woman or even man in my family who has had cancer, though it is hereditary.
SH: What were your first thoughts when you received the diagnosis?
MK: I cried for a brief moment. I was overwhelmed with emotions, fear of death. I quickly recovered from that dreadful thought and remembered that I have a great husband and three boys. I felt that I had so much to live for.The doctor informed me about the options I had regarding treatment and he gave me time to think about it. I drove back home to Lobatse and by the time I arrived at my house, I had already made up my mind that I am going for total removal of the breast. I broke the news to my family and they were just as shocked as I was when the doctor broke the news to me. I explained to them my decision to go for surgery and they were very supportive. Few weeks later, I went for a mystectomy.
SH: How long were you in treatment
MK: The surgery was followed by Chemotherapy. The first time I walked into the oncology centre, I found so many people there already. I then realised that I am not the only person with cancer, it is so many of us. It gave me strength and courage. I had heard that the side effects of chemo are brutal, seeing those people made me realise that if others can do it so can I. I decided to go for it as I had so much will and spirit to stay alive and raise my kids. After the second session of chemo, I started losing my hair, nail beds turned black. I was never discouraged though, despite my aching body and the constant nausea after chemo. I had six cycles of it. In 2013 around April again, I experienced severe pain on my left breast, but with no Lump. My doctor again recommended I go for a mammogram. It confirmed cancer which was still at stage 1. I then insisted that they remove the breast. I would lose both my breasts but I knew staying alive for my boys was more important. Other people thought the pain was psychological, and I knew what I felt and my mind was made up. I had the second mastectomy and had to go through another cycle of chemo which I completed. I am now on oral medication. I take my tablet daily. It is recommended that I take it for ten years. I have just started on my year 6 on the tablet. I do go for regular check ups, to establish if the cancer is not back.
SH: What helped keep your spirits up and gave you support during this period?
MK: A good friend of mine and colleague told me about Journey of Hope Botswana. He introduced me to them, and I had tremendous support from them. I also went to Cancer Association Botswana to introduce myself. My family has also been my backbone, supporting me through it all. I am so greatful. On days that my spirits are low, I always take my mind to positive thoughts. I try to remind myself of the good times, sometimes I even find myself laughing out loud.
SH: How has this affected you at a psychological level?
MK: My life has not really changed for the worst. Like the saying “when life gives you lemons, make lemon aid out of them”. I lost my job after the second diagnosis of cancer. While this affected my family financially I never got discouraged, as this gave me time to take care of my family. I am a full time stay home mom. I walk this journey with my family. My boys understand that I had Cancer but now I am okay. They sometimes check if I have taken my medication, and they would even ask about my next appointment. I am blessed to have them.
SH: Facing the diagnosis of breast cancer is one of the most feared experiences in our society. What has been your experience as you worked with communities through Cancer Association of Botswana (CAB)?
MK: Working with CAB has been eye opening. Through motivational talks and other actives like the annual stiletto walk, the message has been positively received. There is still a lot to be done though, especially to make people understand that breast cancer is NOT a death sentence. So many lives can be saved.
SH: Amongst raising awareness, cancer awareness month is about celebrating individuals like yourself and their triumphs over cancer. Is there anything you would like to say to the community of cancer survivors and women in general?
MK: I have learnt so much from being diagnosed with cancer. I appreciate life more. I never used go and see a doctor without any pains or any thing “wrong” with my body. Now I do it regularly and so far I always get a clean bill of health. I encourage everybody to do regular self -breast examination. It is easy, convenient, cost-effective and can really help with early detection. I believe there is a lot to be done as far as breast cancer awareness. Remember men can also have breast cancer.
To all those who are going through cancer at the moment, remember you are not alone. Let’s walk this journey together. Let’s walk with Hope, Courage and Strength. There is life after cancer. Cancer took away my boobs it did not take my life. As October is breast cancer awareness, let’s support those affected, honour the survivors and remember the fallen.
PINK RIBBON ALWAYS